ChimeTM / Chime ProTM- Specific RasMol Script Commands

The 3D display mode of Chime / Chime Pro can be manipulated via RasMol script commands. (RasMol scripting based on the popular program RasMol, written by Roger Sayle.) Chime / Chime Pro offers the following additions to the RasMol scripting language:

  • anim frame
  • calculate charges
  • center xyz
  • color dots mep
  • color list
  • label residue
  • list
  • list color
  • list transparent
  • list zap|delete
  • load pmesh
  • load surface gaussian
  • sculpt
  • set charge
  • set charge function
  • set clear color
  • set gaussian contour
  • set load check
  • set mep|mlp function
  • set mep|mlp distance
  • set mep mode
  • set mlp mode
  • set picking select
  • set spin fps
  • set spin x|y|z
  • show atom|residue|chain|model
  • show mlp
  • show list
  • show selected
  • show spin
  • spin save|restore
  • spin true|false
  • surface
  • zap true
  • anim frame

    Advances to the next animation frame in the current direction.


    anim frame next
    anim frame -1

    calculate charges

    Specifies whether Chime should calculate atom charges. Charges are used to calculate potentials when showing MEP or MLP colors on a surface ("color list {listname} mep|mlp").


    calculate charges {true|false|refresh}
    calc charges {true|false|refresh}

    true - (default) if charges are needed for potential calcs (MEP for example) then they WILL BE calculated if there is NO negative/positive temperature data in PDB file, or no charges in MOL, etc. file. (if there are negative values in PDB file charge data then Chime will not caclculate charges by default. See "refresh" below for FORCING recalculation of charges).

    false - Prevents Chime from recalculating charge data (and overwriting PDB file temperature data). This option allows the user to use any PDB file temperature data for MEP calcs.

    refresh - Forces the recalculation of charges for the current structure. This can be useful for forcing the overwriting of PDB temperature data, or after a "set charge function" command.

    center xyz

    Sets the zoom/translate center to a specific point, rather than a specific atom.


    center xyz #x# #y# #z#

    #x# - the x coordinate.

    #y# - the y coordinate.

    #z# - the z coordinate.

    color dots mep

    Can be used to color dots based on MEP calculations.


    color dots mep

    color list

    Colors a surface using a specific type of mapping and specific colors.


    color list {listname} [save] {list color command}
    color list {listname} [colors] {list of colors only}
    list {listname} color {list of colors only}

    listname - name of the surface, assigned in the "surface", "load pmesh" or "load surface gaussian" command that creates the surface.

    save - optional keyword that tells Chime not to recalculate the specified property if it has already been calculated, but to update the color map used for texturing. This can be much faster for experimenting with alternate coloring schemes.

    colors - optional keyword indicating that what follows is a list of colors, not a color command.

    The list color commands are as follows:

     Color surface using Molecular Electrostatic Potential calculations. Up to 9 colors can be specified. If multiple colors are specified, they are used to represent different MEP energies along a continuum from lowest to highest.
    The special color clear or transparent denotes parts of the texture map that will not be rendered.
     rasmol(optional) Use rasmol potential coloring scheme instead of default red-white-blue schema.
     iso(optional) Use isocontour coloring scheme. This qualifier requires addional arguments, syntax:
    iso #number# [contourcolor maincolor lowestband_color highestband_color]
    If the #number# is an integer, then it specifies the number of contour lines over the whole range. If #number# has a decimal point, it specifies the size of the divisions between contour lines.
    The maincolor defaults to white, the contourcolor to black. The high/low colors, because they also default to white, do not appear.
    mlp Color list using Molecular Lipophilicity Potential calculations.
     See mepThe same qualifiers are used as in mep.
    center Color list based on distance from origin (center). If multiple colors are specified, they are used to represent different distances from shortest to longest.
    distance#distance#Color list based the distance to the nearest selected atom divided by the specified distance. Anything near or greater than specified distance gets mapped to the last texture map color specfied.
     see mepThe same optional qualifiers are used as in mep.
    atom Color list based on the closest atom's color. This can be used after the various atom/residue coloring commands to color the surface in interesting ways.
    selected Turn ON/OFF display of surface within/outside a specified distance from the nearest selected atom.
    Syntax: selected [distance] [within On|Show|Off|Clear] [outside On|Show|Off|Clear]
    For example, "color list test selected 6.0 On Off" would turn the parts of surface "test" ON that are within 6.0 angstroms of the nearest selected atom, and the parts of the surface OFF that are outside that range.

    The default color scheme for a Gaillard MEP or MLP calculation is as follows:

    ColorActual ValueNormalized
    Red -infinity -0.50 - -0.39
    Purple   -0.39 - -0.28
    Orange   -0.28 - -0.17
    Yellow   -0.17 - -0.06
    White 0 -0.06 - 0.06
    Cyan   0.06 - 0.17
    Green   0.17 - 0.28
    GreenBlue   0.28 - 0.39
    Blue infinity 0.39 - 0.50

    label residue

    Specifies whether to label selected residues.


    label residue {true|false}
    label residue (same as label residue true)

    true - label the selected residues.

    false - (default) do not label the selected residues.


    Sets list visibility.


    list {listname} {true|false}

    true - (default) make the list visible.

    false - make the list invisible.

    list color

    Sets the list color. This is identical to the "color list {listname} colors" command; see color list for details.


    list {listname} color

    list transparent

    Sets the list transparency value.


    list {listname} transparent {true|false}

    true - make the list transparent.

    false - (default) make the list opaque.

    list zap|delete

    Deletes the specified list.


    list {listname} zap
    list {listname} delete

    The * character can be used as a simple wildcard. For example, "list * delete" deletes all lists; "list amino* delete" deletes all lists whose name starts with "amino".

    load pmesh

    Loads a pmesh file, creating a surface.


    load pmesh {filename} [listname]

    The optional listname can be used in subsequent commands to refer to the surface created by this command. Right?

    load surface gaussian

    Loads a Gaussian file, creating a surface.


    load surface gaussian {filename} [listname]

    The optional listname can be used in subsequent commands to refer to the surface created by this command. Right?


    Sends a command to Sculpt to be processed by that program.


    sculpt {command}
    send sculpt {command}

    Everything after sculpt is sent for Sculpt to interpret.

    set charge

    Sets the specified charge on all selected atoms. Use this to specify your own charge/other data, so that the MEP functions can map these values onto a texture mapped surface.


    set charge {charge value}

    set charge function

    Sets the specific charge calculation function to use for calculating charges for molecules which do not have charge information present.


    set charge function {none|Gasteiger|Kollman|Charmm}

    none - (default) Chime will choose the charge function based on the number of heteroatoms in the structure:
    If >=255 atoms and hydrogens present in a PDB, then Kollman partial charges are assigned for standard residues/atoms.
    If >=255 atoms and Kollman partial charges are not used and aminoacids are present, then Charmm 1.9 charges are assigned.
    If >=255 atoms and neither Kollman nor Charmm was used, then Gasteiger is used.
    If <255 atoms, then Gasteiger is used.

    Gasteiger - uses Gasteiger's method of assigning partial charges.

    Kollman - assigns Kollman partial charges to standard aminoacid and nucleic residues. This requires hydrogens to be present in the PDB file.

    Charmm - assigns Charmm 1.9 charges to aminoacids only.

    set clear color

    Sets the color to use when blending a "clear" section of texture map with another color. The default is white.

    For example, the command "color list text center red clear blue" yields red->white for the first third, clear for the middle third, and white->blue for the last third. What does white->blue mean? What kind of gradation is used?

    The command "color list test center clear red" yields clear for the bottom half, and white->red for the top half.


    set clear color {color}
    set transparent color {color}

    set gaussian contour

    Sets the contour level used when reading gaussian data files. The default contour level is 0.2 A.


    set gaussian contour {value}

    value - real value in Angstroms.

    set load check

    By default, Chime / Chime Pro 2.0 will not execute a load command if the same molecule is being re-loaded. By calling "set load check false", you can override this feature, allowing the molecule to be re-loaded.

    This also has an effect on the list zap command. When load check is set to true (the default), list zap will be ignored because an implicit zap is done when loading a new molecule.


    set load check {true|false}

    set mep|mlp function

    Specifies the function used to determine MEP or MLP distance when rendering a surface.

    This command is often used in conjunction with "set mep|mlp distance" to establish a distance "cutoff".


    set mep function {1 or Gaillard|2 or Audry|3 or Fauchere|4 or Hartshorn|5 or Coulomb}
    set mlp function {1 or Gaillard|2 or Audry|3 or Fauchere|4 or Hartshorn}

    Some of the calculations used:

    MLP = Sum(f * e^(-d/2))1-natoms
    f = Lipophilic value for atom i
    d = distance from point to atom (angstroms)

    Gaillard, P., Carrupt, P.A., Testa, B. and Boudon, A., J.Comput.Aided Mol.Des. 8, 83-96 (1994)
    MLP = Sum(f/(1 + d))1-natoms
    f = Lipophilic value for atom i
    d = distance from point to atom (angstroms)

    Audry, E.; Dubost, J. P.; Colleter, J. C.; Dallet, P. A new approach to structure-activity relations: the "molecular lipophilicity potential". Eur. J. Med. Chem. 1986, 21, 71-72.
    MLP = Sum(f * e^(-d))1-natoms
    f = Lipophilic value for atom i
    d = distance from point to atom (angstroms)

    Fauchere, J. L.; Quarendon, P.; Kaetterer, L. Estimating and representing hydrophobicity potential. J. Mol. Graphics 1988, 6, 203-206.
    Mike Hartshorn's weighted distance algorithm
    Coulomb's law distance function (same as rasmol potential distance function)

    set mep|mlp distance

    Sets the maximum distance to be considered for MEP or MLP influence calculations. The default is 8.0 angstroms.


    set {mep|potential} [distance] [within] #angstroms#
    set mlp [distance] [within] #angstroms#

    Use the keywords mep and potential interchangably in this command.

    Either distance or within is required, but not both.

    set mep mode

    Set the range for MEP texture mapping.


    set mep mode {1|2|3 or rasmol}

    mode 1 - surface is colored relative to extremes of molecule.

    mode 2 - (-0.10) to +0.10 range for charges

    mode 3 - (-0.24) to +0.24 range for charges (what rasmol uses)

    set mlp mode

    Sets the mode for mlp texture map calculations to either "absolute" or "relative".


    set mlp mode {true|false}

    true - absolute scale, for comparing different molecules.

    false - (default) relative scale, highest/lowest is relevant to the current molecule only.

    set picking select

    Allows the user to select and deselect objects using the mouse. If objects are already selected beforehand, that selection can be added to or modified by the user.

    Only one type of object can be selected at a time, depending on the qualifier used in the command.


    set picking select {atom|bond|chain|residue}
    set picking select (same as set picking select atom)

    set spin fps

    Sets the spin frames per second. This is equivalent to the spinfps embed tag.


    set spin fps ###

    set spin x|y|z

    Sets the speed of spin along the x, y, or z axis, in degrees per second. This is equivalent to the spinX, spinY/ and spinZ embed tags.


    set spin {x|y|z} ###

    show atom|residue|chain|model

    Shows objects of the specified type.


    show {atom|residue|chain|model} [all] [identify]

    If the all qualifier is present, all objects of the specified type are shown. Otherwise, only the selected objects of that type are shown.

    If the identify qualifier is present, then each atom/chain name is shown as well.

    show mlp

    Shows MLP totals, and sum of +/- contributions, based on either SURFACE values, or VDW dots values, depending on what was used with the last MEP coloring command.


    show mlp

    show list

    Lists the names of all display lists. If used with the optional all qualifier, also gives complete information about the display lists, including types and numbers of objects in the lists.


    show list [all]

    show selected

    Turns on/off the "highlight selection" feature, in which all of the selected objects are colored gold.


    show selected {true|false}
    show selected (same as show selected true

    show spin

    Reports "spin on" or "spin off" via the MessageCallBack EMBED tag option.


    show spin

    spin save|restore

    Used to save the current spin state, then restore it at a later time.


    spin {save|restore}

    spin true|false

    Turns spin on and off.


    spin {true|false}
    spin (same as spin true)


    Creates a surface with specified properties.


    surface [name] [color] [spacing] [probe radius] [surface smoothing true|false]

    name - name assigned to the surface for use in subsequent script commands.

    color - initial color given to the surface.

    spacing - ... The default spacing depends on the number of atoms in the file:

    AtomsDefault Spacing
    <=2550.3 A
    256-4990.55 A
    500-7490.65 A
    750-9990.75 A
    1000+0.80 A

    probe radius - The default is 1.4 A.

    surface smoothing -

    zap true

    Allows deletion ("zap") of a list, even when in "set load check true" mode where list zap is normally ignored.


    zap true